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Wild Berries




  • The Buffalo Treaty brings different groups (both Indigenous and non-Indigenous) together across North America to restore bison to their traditional territories and to revitalize First Nations relationships to buffalo. 


  • Victoria Wanihadie and Elder Bruce McAllister gave a TED talk in 2016 about the colonization and history of the Beaver people of Dunvegan. 

  • CHRC Video: First Nations share unique perspectives of the Peace River Valley and personal views of the Site C project 

  • Dunvegan Storytelling event videos (Vicky’s parents]

Academic References

Andrews, T.D., MacKay, G., Andrew, L., Stephenson, W., Barker, A.M.Y., Alix, C., Shúhtagot'ine Elders of Tulita, 2012. Alpine ice patches and Shúhtagot'ine land use in the Mackenzie and Selwyn Mountains, Northwest Territories, Canada, Arctic 65, 22-42.


Brody, H., 1981. Maps and Dreams, Douglas and Mclntyre, Vancouver.


COSEWIC, 2013. COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Plains Bison (Bison bison bison) and the Wood Bison (Bison bison athabascae) in Canada. (pp. xv - 109). Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa.


Goddard, P.E., 1916. The Beaver Indians, Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History, Volume X Part IV, New York.


Kirkness, V.J., Barnhardt, R., 1991. First Nations and higher education: The four R's—Respect, relevance, reciprocity, responsibility, Journal of American Indian Education, 1-15.


Knapp, A.K., Blair, J.M., Briggs, J.M., Collins, S.L., Hartnett, D.C., Johnson, L.C., Towne, E.G., 1999. The keystone role of bison in North American tallgrass prairie, Bioscience 49, 39-50.


Mackenzie, A., 1801. Voyages to Montreal on the river St. Laurence through the continent of North America to the frozen and Pacific oceans in the years 1789 and 1793 with a preliminary account of the rise, progress and present state of the fur trade of that country. R. Nobe, London.

Mills, A.C., 1982. The Beaver Indian Prophet Dance and Related Movements among North American Indians, Unpublished PhD thesis, Harvard University.


Olson, W., Janelle, J., 2022. The Ecological Buffalo: On the Trail of a Keystone Species, University of Regina Press, Regina, Saskatchewan.


Ridington, R., 1979. " Changes of mind": Dunne-za resistance to Empire, BC Studies 43, 65-80.


Ridington, R., 1982. Telling secrets: Stories of the vision quest, Canadian Journal of Native Studies 2, 213-219.


Ridington, R., 1988. Knowledge, power, and the individual in Subarctic hunting societies, American Anthropologist 90, 98-110.

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